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|United States Patent
,   et al.
July 8, 1997
Smoke detector with advanced safety features
A smoke detector that provides a battery warning arm that is pivotally
attached to the smoke detector and is normally stored in a flush position
within the smoke detectors cover. Upon the detection of a battery that is
low, dead, missing, or not correctly aligned with its electrical contacts,
the warning arm is released by a latch and swung down from the detector to
display a luminous brightly colored instructional warning. When the
warning arm is activated due to a low battery, the arm swings down and
continues to swing in a pendulum manner to attract further attention. Even
when the smoke detector's battery ceases to provide any electrical energy,
the warning arm continues to warn persistently and cannot be repositioned
to its stowed position until the detector has ample battery power. When
deployed the warning arm exposes the battery and also a spare battery
compartment whereby the warning arm also serves as a battery door.
Nickles; Aaron Michael (154 Columbus Ave. #2N, New York, NY 10023);
Nickles; Daniel Robert (11 Cheyenneue Rd., Lafayette, NJ 07848);
Saferstein; Al (748 Virginia Dare Dr., Virginia Beach, VA 23451)
May 2, 1995|
|Current U.S. Class:
||340/628; 340/636.12; 340/636.15; 340/693.6 |
|Field of Search:
U.S. Patent Documents
|3846773||Nov., 1974||Lintelmann et al.||340/237.
|4313110||Jan., 1982||Subulak et al.||340/527.
|4388617||Jun., 1983||Nakanishi et al.||340/636.
|4827244||May., 1989||Bellavia et al.||340/628.
|5053752||Oct., 1991||Epstein et al.||340/636.
|5055830||Oct., 1991||Cousins et al.||340/693.
|5105371||Apr., 1992||Shaw et al.||364/550.
|5107446||Apr., 1992||Shaw et al.||364/550.
Primary Examiner: Hofsass; Jeffery
Assistant Examiner: Wu; Daniel J.
What is claimed is:
1. A room-mountable battery operated detector device comprising:
a base plate to house detector's components,
a cover that encloses and seals said detector's components in which said
cover is attached to said base plate by fastener means, and
an arm that is pivotally attached at one end to said cover by means of a
pin connection in which said arm is normally stored in a position such
that said arm is flush with said cover and in which said device comprises
latching means for releasing said arm in response to the detection of a
battery that is low or dead such that said arm is swung down in an angular
motion from the normally flush stowed position to a position such as to
create an angular distance between said cover and said arm and in which
said arm provides means of warning of the dangerous battery condition.
2. The arm of claim 1 in which the force of gravity pulls said arm from
said stowed position when said latching means releases said arm.
3. The arm of claim 1 such that said arm can not be repositioned to said
stowed flush position until a sufficient voltage of said battery is
present to operate said detector and in which said arm is easily
repositioned by a person lightly pushing said arm at the end opposite to
said pivot such that said latching means allows said arm to latch and
remains latched until said battery is low, dead, missing, or not correctly
aligned with its electrical contacts.
4. The arm of claim 1 in which after deployment of said arm from said
stowed position said battery is exposed thus providing easy access to said
battery and providing additional visual awareness of the battery condition
whereby said arm serves as a battery warning apparatus and a battery door
of said detector.
5. The arm of claim 1 wherein luminous brightly colored instructional
graphics and words are provided in which said graphics and words are
exposed upon the deployment of said arm from said stowed position.
6. The arm of claim 1 where upon deployment from the stowed position is put
into a pendulum motion by means of the initial potential energy of the arm
and kept in a swinging pendulum motion by means to overcome the opposing
forces whereby the pendulum motion serves to attract further attention to
a low battery condition.
7. The arm of claim 1 where upon deployment from the stowed position said
arm is put into motion in a pendulum motion by means of the initial
potential energy of the arm and kept in a swinging pendulum motion by an
electromagnet connected to said plate and supplied electrical energy from
said detectors battery which is controlled by means of a switch that is
automatically activated upon said arms deployment and by a permanent
magnet at the pivot end of said arm in which said arm is kept in a
swinging pendulum motion by the opposing magnetic fields of said
electromagnet and said permanent magnet until said battery expires at
which the arm ceases to swing but remains in a deployed position to warn
of the dead battery condition.
8. The detector of claim 1 wherein a spare battery compartment is provided
in close proximity of said battery and in which is exposed when said arm
9. The cover of claim 1 is constructed so that when attached to said base
plate said detectors components are covered and said arm is allowed to
rest in said flush stowed position.
10. The latching means of claim 1 allows said arm to be manually opened
from the stowed position as to allow a person access to said battery for
BACKGROUND--DESCRIPTION OF PRIOR ART
Statistics indicate that three-fourths of American homes have at least one
smoke detector. However, the NFPA (National Fire Protection Agency)
estimates that one-third of those detectors do not work, often because of
dead or missing batteries. If this trend continues, the NFPA predicts that
up to one-half of all smoke detectors will be non-operational within 10
years. Industry is aware of the problems associated with smoke detectors
and has responded with several safety features that are effective but not
flawless as evidenced in the above statistics. This invention addresses
specific problems associated with smoke detectors on the market today and
offers solutions, in the form of certain innovations that will save many
Modern smoke detectors warn a person when a smoke detector's battery is low
by producing a chirping sound once a minute. This chirp continues for
approximately a month--when the battery goes dead--or until someone either
replaces or removes the battery. In a study conducted by the Dallas Texas
Fire Department, people described the low battery indicator as annoying.
They removed the battery in order to silence the disruptive chirping and
then did not replace it (William Jernigan, Ph.D "Keeping the Smoke
Detectors Operational: The Dallas Experience", Fire Journal, July/August
1987, pp 57-63). This has resulted in many deaths. For example, on Nov.
29, 1984, a four-year-old boy was killed when residents removed the smoke
detector because it was chirping (William Jernigan, Ph.D "Keeping the
Smoke Detectors Operational: The Dallas Experience", Fire Journal,
July/August 1987, pp 57-63).
Besides being annoying, other problems exist with the low battery chirping
warning. Many elderly or hearing impaired cannot hear the chirping warning
and do not know when their batteries need to be replaced. The chirping
sound continues until the battery is completely depleted which occurs in
about a month. New tenants or vacationers returning after a month away
cannot possibly know that a battery is dead since chirping cannot occur
without battery power.
Dead batteries probably reflect a lack of regular testing and maintenance,
and the problem may be compounded by some individual's unfamiliarity with
the meaning of the sounds and signals now used to indicate low battery
power (John R. Hall, Jr. "The Latest Statistics on US Home Smoke
Detectors" Fire Journal, January/February 1989, pp 39-41). When the low
battery warning beep occurs in a conventional smoke detector, a person who
has not read the instructions may assume the detector is defective and
remove it. Most people are not able to tell if a battery in a conventional
smoke detector is low or missing unless they read the directions
thoroughly. Often people do not read instructions when installing or using
any new product, especially complicated smoke detector instructions.
Smoke detectors batteries are removed when low battery chirping begins and
when false alarm conditions occur. Many people also remove batteries from
smoke detectors in order to use them in other electronic devices, such as
television remote controls and electronic toys. Many people have died
because their smoke detectors lacked batteries. A fire claimed the lives
of two children and a woman when the smoke detectors in the basement and
on the second floor did not operate because they lacked batteries ("Fire
Watch--Residential" NFPA Journal September/October 1993 page 36).
Smoke detectors on the market today are supposed to prevent the consumer
from closing the battery compartment if there is no battery, but the
design is flawed.
A prevalent smoke detector on the market today includes a hinged cover that
is attached to the detector's base plate in which the base plate houses
the battery and electrical components. The hinged cover is designed so
that it can not be closed unless a battery is present. However, the hinged
cover can easily be forced into position when no battery is present.
Furthermore, when the hinged cover is not in the closed position, there is
no visual warning indicating a missing battery, just exposed electronic
circuitry. Again, a person may assume the detector to be faulty and remove
Another smoke detector design includes a battery drawer that slides in and
out from the smoke detector in a horizontal motion. The compartment drawer
can not be reposition into the smoke detector unless the a battery is
present. The door, however, is slightly bigger than the battery and
therefore offers no effective visual warning that the battery is missing.
Also, there is no warning label present on the drawer.
For smoke detectors in which the battery is mounted in an outside
compartment, the safety feature prevents the smoke detector from being
mounted at all when there is no battery. Most people will not notice that
their smoke detector is missing from the ceiling or wall and will probably
not replace the battery.
Another common problem that occurs is misalignment of the battery with the
smoke detector's electrical contacts. Misalignment occurs when people do
not properly install their battery or when they remove the battery from
the smoke detectors contacts in order to silence the low battery chirping
or a false alarm.
If a smoke detector's battery has been repositioned so that the battery
terminals are not in contact with the battery, the hinged cover or battery
compartment can still be closed since the battery is actually present. In
the case of the external battery compartment, the detector can still be
mounted since the battery is in the compartment.
Thus, the two conventional warning features discussed are not effective
when a battery is off its electrical contacts. Manufacturers that sell
smoke detectors with a battery included store the battery in the battery
compartment, however it is not connected to the smoke detector's battery
contacts. Consequently when a person unpacks the smoke detector, he or she
will not know that the battery is not connected unless the cover or the
battery compartment is removed. This further illustrates the
unfriendliness of smoke detectors on the market today.
As stated, chirping cannot occur when a battery is not connected or
misaligned with its electrical contacts since there is no battery power.
On Nov. 13, 1993, five deaths occurred (three of them under the age of 6)
when a smoke detector did not work because, as officials stated, the
battery was slightly out of alignment with the contacts (Kenneth J.
Tremblay "Catastrophic Fires and Deaths Drop in 1992" NFPA Journal
September/October 1993 pp 56-69). No known smoke detector has the ability
to warn if a battery is not properly aligned with its electrical contacts.
Various means have been employed to address the low battery warning
problems of a battery operated smoke detector. In U.S. Pat. No. 5,053,752
to Epstein issued Oct. 1, 1991, the invention warns if a battery is low by
displaying a elongated flexible signal member that would hang down from
the smoke detector at eye level. Although this invention warns someone
that a battery is low by a visual warning, it does so in a manner that is
unpractical. After the member is displayed, a person can easily pull the
member, like a string on an overhead light, and remove it from the
detector permanently. A person would be inclined to do so since the
flexible member is hanging at eye level and possibly obstructing his or
her path. Thus, this invention is prone to easy tampering. Tampering of
smoke detectors is common (removing good batteries, misaligning the smoke
detector's battery with its electrical contacts, forcing the smoke
detector's cover to close when no battery is present, etc.). Children
would find it easy and amusing to yank on the flexible member to remove it
permanently. Moreover, even if a person does replace the battery in the
smoke detector, restoring the elongated flexible member would prove to be
difficult due to the design of the elongated members housing. To restore
the elongated member, a person would have to carefully reel or push the
member into the housing. This is inconvenient and encourages the
detachment of the elongated flexible member from the housing.
OBJECTS AND ADVANTAGES
Accordingly the following objects and advantages of this invention are as
(a) to provide a complete yet simple solution to the many problems inherent
to battery powered smoke detectors as indicated in the problems set forth
(b) to provide a new and improved apparatus and method for warning of any
battery condition in devices, such as smoke detectors and carbon monoxide
(c) to provide such apparatus and method which gives a visible battery
warning display when a battery is missing, depleted, or if the battery is
misaligned with the electrical contacts of the device.
(d) to provide such apparatus and method which is so prominent, yet
non-intrusive, that it is extremely difficult or virtually impossible to
(e) to provide such apparatus and method wherein the battery warning
display is given even after the battery in question has expired and any
audible warning ceases.
(f) to provide such apparatus and method that is not susceptible to easy
tampering and is practical to use.
(g) to provide such apparatus and method wherein the low battery warning
display moves in a pendulum manner--much like the pendulum of a
grandfathers clock--to attract further attention to a low battery
(h) to provide such apparatus and method wherein the battery warning
displays a bright colorful, luminescent warning label when a battery is
missing, depleted, or even if the battery is off its electrical contacts.
This display provides a visual and instructional warning to replace or
realign a battery thus making it extremely simple to operate and requiring
no prior knowledge of operation. The warning label also stands out in low
light conditions due its luminescence.
(i) to provide such apparatus and method wherein the battery warning
display can not be repositioned until sufficient power is supplied to the
(j) to provide such apparatus wherein the battery warning display is
integrated into the device so that it serves also as a battery door.
(k) to provide such apparatus wherein the devices cover conceals and
protects the devices circuitry.
(l) to provide such apparatus wherein the battery warning display, when
activated, exposes the devices battery thus making the battery easy to
replace and provides additional visual indication of the critical battery
condition by exposing the battery.
(m) to provide such apparatus wherein the device provides a receptacle for
a spare battery. This spare battery compartment is adjacent to the main
battery compartment and thus is exposed when the battery warning display
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the smoke detector.
FIG. 2 is a front plain view of the smoke detector.
FIG. 3 is a bottom plain view of the smoke detector of FIG. 1 with the
cover removed to clearly illustrate the working components of the smoke
FIG. 4 is a top plain view of the removed cover of FIG. 1.
FIG. 5 is a top plain view of the removed battery warning arm of FIG. 1.
FIGS. 6-13 shows the sequence of events which occurs when the battery
warning display arm is automatically activated.
FIG. 14 is a side view of the smoke detector of FIG. 1 showing a persons
hand resetting the battery warning arm.
FIG. 15 is a partly cross-sectional, partly schematic and broken-away side
view of the latching operation during replacement of the battery warning
FIG. 16 is a schematic diagram of an operating circuit in which the
position of the solenoid's latch holds the warning arm in its stowed
FIG. 17 is a view like FIG. 16 which the position of the solenoid's latch
releases the warning arm forcing it to swing down from the detector.
FIGS. 18 and 19 illustrate a schematic diagram of the battery warning arm
illustrating the components of a circuit for the operation of the
pendulum-like nature of the arm.
10 smoke detector
60 persons hand
12 battery warning arm
14 conventional 9 volt
64 coil spring
dry cell spare
66 9 volt battery source
battery 68A-B relays
16 conventional 9 volt
dry cell battery
72A-B contact switches
18A-D battery mounting
74 high voltage detection
20 ventilated slots
76 low voltage detection
22 luminous warning circuit
label 78 contact arm
24 spare battery label
80 spring band
26 bottom base plate
82 operating circuit
28 spacers 84 double pole single
30A-B mounting slots solenoid
32 cover 112A-C clips
38 detector operating
116A-B battery contacts
board 118 pin assembly
40A-B spaced mounting
126A-126B Battery wires
42A-B lead wires
44 solenoid assembly
52 permanent magnet
54 warning arm latch
56A-B mounting holes
FIGS. 1 and 2 of the application drawings show a smoke detector 10
constructed in accordance with the invention.
Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, detector 10 includes a battery warning arm 12
with warning label 22 consisting of luminous brightly colored
instructional graphics and words, conventional 9 volt dry cell spare
battery 14 with battery mounting brackets 18C and 18D, spare battery label
24, conventional 9 volt dry cell battery 16 with battery mounting brackets
18A and 18B, and ventilated slots 20 to serve as passage way for any smoke
or alarm sound.
FIG. 3 which is a bottom plain view of the smoke detector of FIG. 1
illustrates further components of the smoke detector. The bottom base
plate 26 is shown with formed therein spacers 28 to separate cover 32 of
FIG. 4. Referring to FIG. 3, spaced mounting slots 30A and 30B formed
therein are used for wall or ceiling mounting of the smoke detector
through the use of conventional mounting screws. Cover 32 of FIG. 4 is
mounted to bottom base plate 26 at spacers 32 of FIG. 3 by glue or plastic
As seen in FIG. 3 detector operating board 38 is mounted to bottom base
plate 26 by spaced mounting clips 40A and 40B. Connected to detector
operating board 38 are two lead wires 42A and 42B that connect solenoid
assembly 44 and electromagnet 46. Battery 16 is connected by battery
mounting brackets 18A and 18B and supplies energy to detector operating
board 38 by battery wires 126A and 126B which lead to battery contacts
116A and 116B.
FIG. 5 illustrates battery warning arm 12, warning label 22, pin 50,
permanent magnet 52, and warning arm latch 54. Battery warning arm 12 is
mounted to cover 32 of FIG. 4 by pin 50 and mounting holes 56A and 56B.
The components of FIGS. 3, 4, and 5 are assembled to form the preferred
embodiment of FIG. 2.
FIGS. 6-13 illustrates various positions of battery warning arm 12 of smoke
detector 10 when it is automatically activated.
FIG. 14 shows a persons hand 60 resetting the battery warning arm 12 of
smoke detector 10.
FIG. 15 illustrates the mechanics of replacing battery warning arm 12.
Solenoid assembly 44 consisting of latch 62 is married to warning arm
latch 54 that is connected to battery warning arm 12 by pin assembly 118
and spring loaded by coil spring 64.
FIG. 16 is a schematic diagram of operating circuit 82 in which the
position of the solenoid's latch holds warning arm 12 in its stowed
position. Circuit 82 is integrated into the detector operation board 38 of
FIG. 3. Circuit 82 consists of 9 volt battery source 16, two relays 68A
and 68B, two capacitors 70A and 70B, two contact switches 72A and 72B, a
high voltage detection circuit 74, a low voltage detection circuit 76, and
solenoid assembly 44 which consists of double pole single solenoid 84,
contact arm 78, spring band 80, and latch 62. FIG. 16 also shows warning
arm latch 54.
FIG. 17 is a view like FIG. 16 except that the position of latch 62
releases warning arm 12 so that it swings down from the detector by the
force of gravity. The position of latch 62 also activates high voltage
detection circuit 74.
FIGS. 18 and 19 illustrate a schematic diagram of a circuit for the
operation of the pendulum-like nature of battery warning arm 12. Battery
warning arm 12, 9 volt battery source 16, electromagnet 46, switch 48,
permanent magnet 52, and pin 50 are shown in FIGS. 18 and 19.
The battery warning arm 12 is designed to be activated when the detector's
10 battery 16 is missing, depleted, or is misaligned with battery contacts
116A and 116B. When activated, arm 12 swings down from detector 10
displaying luminous warning label 22. Label 22 clearly instructs occupants
of a building that battery 16 should be replaced. Without reading any type
of instructions, occupants, including children, would know to replace
detectors 10 battery by simply observing instructional arm 12. Since label
22 is luminescent, arm 12 would be very noticeable in low light
Depleted battery 16 and spare battery 14 are exposed when arm 12 swings
down. Thus, the warning arm also serves as a battery door. Not only are
the occupants instructed of the battery problem when the arm is deployed,
they are also visually confronted with battery 16 and spare battery 14. By
exposing both batteries, occupants are further encouraged to take action
since the batteries are readily accessible. Having spare battery 14
readily available without having to purchase a new battery is very
convenient and thus further encourages battery replacement. Obviously when
using the spare battery, the next time that battery needed to be replaced,
a new battery will have to be purchased. Most 9 volt batteries are
purchased in a double pack so when a user installs the new battery, he or
she will be encouraged to use the second battery for the spare battery
compartment. Thus the next time the battery needs to be replaced, the user
has a spare one available.
Referring to FIGS. 16 and 10, circuit 82 controls the action of warning arm
12. Latch 62 of solenoid assembly 44 has two positions. FIG. 16
illustrates the first position of latch 62 which allows warning arm 22 to
be latched and returned to its stowed position. FIG. 17 illustrates the
second position which does not allow warning arm 12 to be latched and thus
cannot be stowed therefore it remains in its deployed position to warn
tenants. Spring band 80 keeps latch 62 in either of the two positions
The position of latch 62 is dependant on the voltage of battery 16 and is
controlled by double pole single solenoid 84. Referring to FIG. 16, low
voltage detection circuit 76 monitors the electrical energy of battery 16.
Circuit 76 is well known in the art and can be obtained by referring to
the Encyclopedia of Electronic Circuits. When battery 16 is at a critical
voltage in which the occupant should replace the battery (typically 6
volts), low voltage detection circuit 76 activates relay 68B. By
activating relay 68B, electrical energy is supplied to solenoid 84. The
right pole of solenoid 84 is then energized and latch 62 is moved to the
right as depicted in FIG. 17. This causes arm 12 to drop since warning arm
latch 54 is not connected to latch 62 as shown in FIG. 17. Warning arm 12
can not be repositioned until latch 62 is returned to the left position.
When arm 12 is moved to the right, contact arm 78 closes contact switch
72B. This causes high voltage detection circuit 74 to be on a stand-by
mode. Circuit 74 is well known in the art and can be obtained by referring
to the Encyclopedia of Electronic Circuits. If a person replaces the
depleted battery with a fresh one or correctly repositions the battery (if
the battery was off its electrical contacts), then high voltage detection
circuit 74 detects sufficient electrical energy to operate detector 10 (9
volts) and as a result activates relay 68A. By activating relay 68A,
electrical energy is supplied to solenoid 84. The left pole of solenoid 84
is then energized and latch 62 is moved to the left as depicted in FIG.
16. When arm 12 is moved to the left, contact arm 78 closes contact switch
72A. This causes low voltage detection circuit 76 to be activated again.
With latch 62 moved in the left position, a person can reposition the arm
into the stored position. Referring to FIG. 14, a persons hand 60 is shown
repositioning warning arm 12 illustrating that the replacement of arm 12
to its stowed position is extremely simple.
FIG. 15 shows warning arm latch 54 rotated about pin assembly 118. Coil
spring 64 is positioned about pin assembly 118 as to provide rotational
force in the opposite direction (clockwise) of the rotation shown (counter
clockwise). This allows warning arm latch 54 to be repositioned so that it
is coupled with latch 62.
The pivoting nature of warning arm latch 54 and the design of latch 62
allows a person to pull the arm from its stowed position when latch 62 is
in the left hand position. Thus, warning arm 12 can be manually swung
down. This would be advantageous when a person replaces the detector's
battery every year as recommended by manufacturers.
Referring to FIG. 16, in the event that a battery is removed before it is
depleted or if the battery is misaligned with its electrical contacts,
capacitor 70A will discharge through low voltage detection circuit 76.
This discharge supplies electrical energy to relay 68B. With relay 68B
closed, capacitor 70B is allowed to discharge. This discharge of
electrical energy is supplied to the right pole of solenoid 84. With the
right pole energized, arm 62 is moved to the right as depicted in FIG. 17.
This causes arm 12 to drop thus warning of a missing or misaligned
To further attract attention to warning arm 12, FIGS. 6-13 illustrates the
pendulum-like motion of arm 12. In FIG. 6, arm 12 is at its original
position indicating that the detector 10 has sufficient battery power to
operate. In FIG. 7, arm 12 is activated and begins to swing and continues
to swing in FIG. 8 until it reaches its furthest right position in FIG. 9.
Having a sufficient amount of potential energy due to its height and
gravity, arm 12 continues to swing to the left in FIG. 10. FIG. 11
indicates the furthest left position of arm 12. In FIG. 12, arm 12 is
shown in the three primary positions during its pendulum like swing. In
FIG. 13, arm 12 is shown at its resting position.
Warning arm 12 would only swing a few times back and forth and eventually
come to a resting position due to gravity and frictional forces. To
overcome the opposing forces, FIGS. 18 and 19 illustrate a possible
configuration to allow warning arm 12 to swing continuously. This
configuration is well known and is commonly used in pseudo perpetual
motion machines. As arm 12 rotates about pin 50, the magnetic field from
permanent magnet 52 opposes the magnetic field of electromagnet 46, thus
producing a torque about pin 50. This torque overcomes the opposing forces
and arm 12 is allowed to continue swinging. Electromagnet 46 is energized
by battery 16. Switch 48 is activated by the sweeping magnetic field of
permanent magnet 52. Switch 48 saves on battery power since electromagnet
46 is only activated when arm 12 swings past switch 48. Switch 48 is well
known in the art and works on the principal of magnetic induction.
When the battery 16 is exhausted, it ceases to provide electrical energy to
electromagnet 46 and arm 12 stops swinging in the pendulum like manner.
However, arm 12 does continue to warn of the dangerous battery condition
as shown in FIG. 13.
CONCLUSIONS, RAMIFICATIONS, AND SCOPE
Accordingly, it can be seen that the invention meets the objectives set
forth above. Thus, the invention provides several innovations that address
the specified problems with battery operated smoke detectors.
The warning arm design of this invention provides a complete yet simple
solution to the many problems inherent to battery powered smoke detectors.
If a battery is low, missing, completely dead or not aligned properly with
the electrical contacts, the arm will warn the tenant and continue to warn
until a fresh battery is present in the smoke detector. The warning arm
provides a non- obtrusive friendly warning that is difficult to ignore,
especially when the arm is swinging in a pendulum manner. The warning arm
is extremely easy to operate and is not prone to tampering. The warning
arm also serves as a battery door, thus making battery replacement very
convenient, especially when using the spare battery compartment.
Thus, a complete solution to the problems associated with smoke detectors
on the market today is made possible by the above innovations that are
relatively simple and inexpensive to manufacture and are easy to use. As
in the spirit of the first smoke detector, these innovations, when
combined, have the potential to save many lives.
Although the description above contains many specificities, these should
not be construed as limiting the scope of the invention but as merely
providing illustrations of some of the presently preferred embodiments of
this invention. Various other embodiments and ramifications are possible
within its scope.
For example, the warning arm can also be used in conjunction with the
chirping warning sound used on conventional smoke detectors by deploying
the arm at a certain voltage and the chirping at a lower, more critical
The warning arm technology can also be applied to the newly popular carbon
monoxide detectors. A carbon monoxide detector is equipped with a sensory
pack that typically needs to be replaced every two years. The same
chirping warning in smoke detectors is used when the sensory pack needs to
be replaced. Unfortunately, the same problems stated above exist in carbon
monoxide detectors. People will remove the sensory pack and forget to
replace it and they will not be protected. This problem will be more
prevalent in carbon monoxide detectors since sensory packs are not readily
available like nine volt batteries. The warning arm can be adapted to
notify the user that a sensory pack needs to be replaced. The warning arm
would be ideal for both battery and electrically powered carbon monoxide
detectors since the sensory pack modules are independent of electrical
power and need to be replaced.
Thus the scope of the invention should be determined by the appended claims
and their legal equivalents, rather than by the examples given.